Joe Swett
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By Published On: June 8th, 20164 Comments37.2 min read

Six Types of Grass for Florida Lawns

Whether you’re planting a new lawn or starting over, you may be surprised to find that you have options when it comes to choosing your grass. However, there are a few factors you should consider before you make your choice. For example, you’ll have to think about the conditions your lawn will need to endure, the type of irrigation you use (do you uses salt water?), and the ph of your soil. You’ll also want to consider your lifestyle. Do you live in a tight subdivision or on acres of land? Do you want a low-maintenance lawn or are you willing to do a little extra work? We are known for our sprinkler repair but getting the correct grass is the first step in having a beautiful lawn. Here is some information about some of the choices you have here in Florida.

St. Augustine Grass (stenotaphrum secundatum)

St. Augustine Grass

This type of grass is a Florida favorite. It loves the heat, is resistant to drought and can tolerate high levels of salt. Water it well, and you’ll get a thick layer of turf, filled with broad flat grass blades in a lovely blue-green color. St. Augustine grass establishes quickly in just about any type of soil and produces above-ground runners that help it spread and grow.

While many Floridians appreciate its ability to grow quickly, others dread the day it needs to be cut. And with St. Augustine grass, that day comes around a little more often. St. Augustine grass is also not a fan of cold temperatures or persistent shade, and it is susceptible to SAD virus and common pests, like chinch bugs.

Planting Method

Plugs, sprigs or sod – seeds are rare.

Ideal Soil Type

Grows in many soil types – ph should be between 5.0 and 8.5.

Mowing Height

3.5 to 4 inches

Bermuda Grass (cynodon dactylon)

Bermuda grass is green-gray in color, and its blades are short with long rough edges. Its deep roots make it incredibly resistant to drought, weeds and high traffic, making it a popular choice for golf courses and sports fields. However, its highly invasive nature, make it a tough sell for homeowners. Some call it “the devil’s grass” as it often sets up shop in nearby gardens and flowerbeds.

Bermuda grass grows rapidly in all types of soil, producing seeds, runners and rhizomes. However, like many types of Florida grass, it is sensitive to cold temperatures, pests and shade. Regular maintenance and weekly watering help maintain appearance.

Planting Method

Seed or sprigs

Ideal Soil Type

Grows in many soil types.

Mowing Height

0.5 to 2 inches

Bahiagrass (paspalum notatum)

Bahiagrass has coarse leaves and thrives in hot, dry climates and sandy soils. It doesn’t require a lot of fertilizer or irrigation, making it an excellent choice for homes on large lots or acreage — or anywhere where there is little to no irrigation. During extended periods of drought, Bahiagrass will go dormant until conditions become favorable for regrowth.

Pensacola Bahiagrass is the most common type of Bahiagrass in Florida. It is more resistant to stress and cooler temperatures than other types of Bahiagrass. However, it still presents some challenges. This grass has unattractive seed heads, is sensitive to overwatering, is susceptible to weeds, and grows poorly in shaded areas. Weekly mowing is often needed.

Planting Method

Seeds

Ideal Soil Type

Grows best in sandy soils with a low ph.

Mowing Height

3 to 4 inches

Centipede Grass (eremochloa ophiuroides)

Centipede grass is a popular choice for Florida homeowners who want a low-maintenance lawn. Because it is a low-growing grass, it doesn’t require a lot of mowing. And unlike other types of Florida grass, Centipede grass doesn’t just thrive in the sun. It also grows in cooler temperatures and shade. All it take is a little fertilizer to keep its yellow-green blades looking their best.

While this may sound like the best Florida grass ever, there are a few conditions that wreak havoc on this type of grass. It can’t handle a lot of traffic or salt, and it is susceptible to nematodes and ground pearls.

Planting Method

Seeds

Ideal Soil Type

Grows best in sandy, mildly acidic soils with a ph between 5 and 6

Mowing Height

1.5 to 2 inches

Buffalo Grass (bouteloua dactyloides)

Buffalo grass has a unique blue-green color and curling leaf blades. It has an excellent tolerance for high temperatures and can grow in all different types of soil.

However, Buffalo grass is not shade-tolerant or suitable for high-traffic areas. Excessive watering weakens the grass, leaving it prone to disease. Weeds are also common.

Planting Method

Seeding numerous runners to produce a tight sod

Ideal Soil Type

Grows well in a wide range of soil ph

Mowing Height

1.5 to 3 inches

Zoysia Grass (zoysia)

Zoysia Grass

Zoysia is a dark green turf-like grass with stiff leaf blades. It grows well in the sun and can handle lots of traffic, making it a popular choice for golf courses and coastal areas. Drought tolerance and disease tolerance levels are good, and it can also handle partial shade. This type of grass is very low maintenance, requiring very little water and fertilizer to survive. Its dense turf makes it less susceptible to weeds.

Zoysia will go dormant after a frost, but resumes growth once the soil returns to 70 degrees. It reproduces via stolons and rhizomes.

Planting Method

Seed, sod or plugs

Ideal Soil Type

Adapts to a variety of soil types, but thrives in soils low in potassium

Mowing Height

1 to 2 inches

Do you have a favorite yet? As you can see, choosing the right grass for your lawn can be a tough call. But before you start planting, you might want to give your local irrigation specialist a call. Irrigation systems take the guesswork out of keeping your lawn lush and green for years to come. And the best time to install new sprinkler system, or repair an old one, is before you lay down that new seed or sod. Whatever you decide, we wish you the best of luck. May your lawn be the envy of your neighborhood.

About the Author: Joe Swett

Former U.S. Coast Guard and Tampa-native Joseph Swett is the owner of Sunrise Irrigation, a Palm Harbor-based company that has been providing sprinkler and irrigation services in the Tampa Bay Area, Florida, for more than 20 years. A RainBird-trained landscape specialist, Mr. Swett is dedicated to helping Florida homes and businesses implement effective irrigation technologies and transition towards smart water conservation. In his spare time, Joe sponsors and plays in two men’s softball leagues, but also enjoys surfing and going fishing with his family.
4 Comments
  1. Richie Jen October 31, 2019 at 7:09 am - Reply

    Great six types of grass Florida lawns in US. As we are planning to lay our new turf in our backyard, our turf supplier recommends Zoysia grass for our yard which is best to grow in both shade and sunlight with less maintenance, I prefer Zoysia turf. Here I got ideas of Zoysia turf to use for the various purpose and soil types. Thanks for Sharing.

  2. Fertilizer Guide January 6, 2020 at 7:05 am - Reply

    Thanks for the post. The article contains some amazing information which helped me to update my post on fertilizer for Bermuda grass.

  3. zoysia grass plugs January 8, 2020 at 12:03 am - Reply

    Alas, it sounds like you need to fix the water issue first.
    The zoysia plugs vs grass seed, etc. decision is less important.

  4. Charlotte January 15, 2020 at 2:12 am - Reply

    I truly appreciate your providing some tips on how to have a sustainable garden such as avoiding the use of chemicals and promoting organic products instead. It is always good to use natural products to keep plants and flowers healthy. Learning about eagle rock landscaping is ideal when you are getting DIY landscaping at home.

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